Activities by Skills

  • Just like adults, children have their strengths and weaknesses. You might find that your child is really great at gross motor skills but not fine motor skills. Your child may be good at self-care activities but has difficulty with language skills.

    This section gives you ideas of activities based on developmental skills that can be addressed across several years of development. Below you will find skills listed in the following categories: Cognitive-perceptual, Fine Motor, Gross Motor, Communication, Self-care, and Sensory Play.

    You can also visit our BLOG to get more ideas for play activities based on skills.

  • Click on the links below to get a detailed printable list of activities.

  • Cognitive-Perceptual

    Cognitive-perceptual skills involve the thought processes, interpretation, and comprehension of information that allows children to learn and understand the world around them. This includes memory, concentration, logical thinking, counting, matching, identifying, recognizing and discriminating between objects, sorting, and problem solving skills. These skills are affected by attention span, vision, brain function, and more. Click on the link to learn activities related to cognitive-perceptual skills.

    Cognitive Perceptual Activities
  • Fine Motor

    Fine motor skills involve the coordination of small muscle movements of the hand and fingers usually in coordination with the eyes. This includes grasping objects, manipulating fasteners, coloring, drawing, cutting, and handwriting skills. These skills are affected by the strength of the hand, stability of the joints, endurance of the muscles, the distance a joint can move, and the ability of the brain to conceive, organize, and carry-out actions. Click on the links to learn activities for fine motor skills.

    Hand Strengthening Materials & Activities
  • Gross Motor

    Gross motor skills involve the coordination of large muscle movements of the arms and legs usually in coordination with the eyes. This includes crawling, walking, rolling, throwing, catching, kicking, jumping, running, balancing, and holding poses. These skills are affected by the strength and endurance of muscles, stability of the joints, the distance a joint can move, and the ability of the brain to conceive, organize, and carry-out actions. Click on the links to learn activities for gross motor skills.

    Animal Races from A to KGeneral Gross Motor Activities
  • Communication

    Speech, language, and social skills are elements of communication. Speech skills include several components including the process of sound production, voice, and respiration. Language skills include several components including the manipulation of sound, understanding of the meaning of words, grammar, the interpretation of signs and symbols, and the social aspects of communication. Click of the link to learn activities for communication skills.

    Simple Ways to Boost Language Skills at Home
  • Self-care

    Self-care skills are an important part of independence. Most parents don’t realize that giving children an opportunity to practice these skills also improve other skills as well including fine motor and cognitive skills. Self-care skills include getting dressed, eating, using utensils, tying shoelaces, manipulating clothing fasteners, counting coins, telling time, and even sleeping. These skills are affected by the strength of the hand, stability of the joints, endurance of the muscles, the distance a joint can move, and the ability of the brain to conceive, organize, and carry-out actions. Click on the link to learn activities for self-care skills.

    Self-care Activities
  • Sensory Play

    The common five senses of hearing, sight, smell, taste, and touch are well known and understood. There are also two other senses that are especially important. The proprioceptive sense involves how the joints of the body interpret information. This includes how much pressure a child uses when performing activities or how much impact the joints need to feel an action. The vestibular sense involves how the body interprets movement from input received in the ear. This influences eye movements, balance, posture, and how the body understands its position in space. Click on the link to learn activities for sensory play.

    Sensory Play Activities